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【每週成語】
東窗事發

楊愛民

成語:東窗事發(DONG CHUANG SHI FA): a conspiracy, or a secret plot, or a clandestine plan was exposed; to come to the light; the thing they planed beside the east window has been exposed.
出處:古書,西湖遊覽志餘。
釋義:這是個負面的成語。凡作壞事被人發現或被人揭露即可說,“東窗事發”。
故事:宋朝有個大奸臣名秦檜,私通金國,奉金主之命,設法把岳飛害死。秦檜謀害岳飛的陰謀是他和他太太在他家東窗之下共同完成的。
過了一段時間,秦檜死了,他們的兒子秦僖也相繼死亡。秦檜的妻子王氏設醮壇超度亡魂。並請來一個方士,詢問秦檜父子在地獄的情況。未幾方士伏章看見秦僖戴著鐵枷在地獄牢獄裡。伏章問他,“太師(秦檜)在那裡?”秦僖說,“在豐都。”於是,伏章依照秦僖的指示到了豐都。果然,看見秦檜和萬侯(秦檜同黨)戴著鐵枷在做苦工,受盡折磨。秦檜對伏章說,“請你告訴我夫人,我和她在東窗商量的那件事現在被人揭發了。”
當然,上述故事是後人捏造出來的,因為秦檜叛國,謀害岳飛,岳飛是民眾最愛戴的勇將之一。
用法:某人和歌星發生了婚外情。紙包不住火,已經“東窗事發”,變成報紙上的頭條新聞了。
故事英譯:There was a big traitor in Song Dynasty, named Qin Hui, who was in treacherous collusion with Kingdom Jin and was ordered by the king of Jin to murder the loyal general of Song Yue Fei. All the schemes they plotted to kill Yue Fei were completed with his wife beside the east window of their house. After a period Qin Hui died and then his son Qin Xi died also. Qin Hui’s wife named Wang Shi set a worship table on which there were various offerings, and invited a skilled occultist named Fu Zhang for releasing the spirits of her husband and son. She asked the occultist how about the situation of her husband and son. Fu Zhang went to nether world to see them and found that Qin Xi wearing shackles was shut in the prison of the nether world. Then, Fu Zhang asked Qin Xi, “Where is Grand Preceptor (Qin Hui)?” “He was at Feng Du City,” Qin Xi said. Then, Fu Zhang went to Feng Du to look for Qin Hui. Truly, Qin Hui and his conspirator Wan Hou were wearing iron shackles doing hard labor. They were enduring endless suffering. Qin Hui said to Fu Zhang,” Please tell my wife that the affair we conspired beside our east window has been exposed.”
Of course the above mentioned tale was forged by posteriors because Premier Qin Hui of South Song Dynasty was rebelled to his country and murdered Yue Fei who was one of the most favored generals by the public in Chinese history.



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