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【楊愛民】
眦睚必報

楊愛民

成語:眦睚必報或睚眥必報(ZI YA BI BAO OR YA ZI BI BAO): don’t let anyone get away even with a hostile look; to indicate a guy who is very narrow-minded.
出處:戰國策秦策,范雎傳。
釋義:范雎在魏國受到鞭笞而被逐出國境,因為受辱及痛苦極深,所以說出“眥睚必報”的話來;即瞪人一眼都會報復;是一個負面的成語。反義詞為:“受人點滴泉湧以報”。錙銖必較。
故事:戰國時代,魏國有個中大夫名范雎,因得罪了上司而以莫須有的罪名被鞭笞,並驅逐出境。范雎善長辯才,當他逃亡到秦國時改名為張祿,因為他怕秦昭王知道自己是一個逃犯。當他在秦國時,利用他的善辯口才接近秦昭王,並常常提出“遠交近攻”的政治策略。秦昭王認為范雎的意見甚佳,就讓范雎住在秦國,並任命他為客卿。以後范雎有機會常常和秦昭王見面,並常常提出有價值的建議給秦昭王。漸漸地獲得秦昭王的信任。最後,范雎被任命為秦國宰相。現在范雎已經變成秦國甚至全中國的最富有且具最大權力的名人。如今范雎認為是與過去的恩人及仇家該算算舊賬時候了。過去凡給他恩惠的人,甚至一飯之恩,也要泉湧以報。而對於仇家按照加諸他身上的惡性程度而加以報復,即使瞪他一眼的人也不放過。
用法:小聰的父親警告小聰說,小明是一個心胸窄俠“眥睚必報”的人,最好勿與之接近。
故事英譯:In the Warring States Era, there was a Mid-ranking Official in Kingdom Wei, named Fan Ju, who was flogged and expelled out of his country by his superior, because he offended his leader by committing so-called groundless guilt. Fan Ju was good of eloquence and when he fled to Kingdom Qin, he changed his name as Zhang Lu for fearing that King Zhao of Qin might know that he was an escapee. When he was in Qin, he took advantage of his gift of eloquence to access King Zhao and offered his political policy: “to associate with distant countries and attack the near ones”. King Zhao of Qin thought that Fan Ju’s policy was good and useful, so let Fan Ju reside in Qin; then appointed him a guest advisor of the king. Afterward, Fan Ju had opportunities to meet King Zhao frequently, and always made the value propositions, and gradually was trusted by King Zhao of Qin. Finally Fan Ju was appointed as the premier of Qin. In the meantime, Fan Ju had become a rich and powerful VIP in Kingdom Qin and in all kingdoms of China. Now, he thought that he should settle the old scores with his foes and benefactors; especial to those powerful officials and their accessories who had insulted him in his native country Kingdom Wei. To those who had done a tiny favor of even a bowl of rice to him, he had to reward the benefactors. And he would revenge at his foes according their evil degree pressing at him, even somebody had glared at him, he had to settle the scores with him and revenged.


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