新聞/廣告搜尋


No Image
網上讀報
Read
e-Edition

黃頁廣告導覽
Chinese Yellow Pages Ads

分類廣告導覽
Classified Ads

English Section

【每週成語】
終南捷徑

楊愛民

成語:終南捷徑(ZHONG NAN JIE JING): A shortcut or a snap course to officialdom (usually with an implication of sarcasm); shortcut to success; shortcut to high office; shortcut to royal road; the golden key to success;to get one’s aim by a special method.
出處:唐書,盧藏用傳。
釋義:比喻用特殊的手法獵取功名富貴;有諷刺性,所形容者大都非正人君子。
故事:唐朝有一個讀書人名盧藏用,他在進士及第後急於想做官,所以他就想出一個以退為進的辦法以達到目的。於是他跑到國都長安附近的終南山隱居起來。那個時候的人有個很古怪的觀念,認為隱者一定是個高士,是個不慕名利的讀書人。因此,盧藏用特地跑到終南山定居。果然,引起長安城裡的公卿們的注意。不久,便聘請他下山當了大官。
後來,有另外一個隱者,名司馬承禎,也定居終南山。當朝的公卿也請他去做官,可是,司馬承禎卻真是一個淡泊名利的人。他不肯接受官位,在長安住了幾天就要回山中的家。當他離開時,盧藏用送他出城,指著終南山對司馬承禎說,“此中自有佳趣。”司馬承禎冷笑道,“在我看來,終南山只不過是做官的捷徑而已。”盧藏用知道這話說在諷刺他,不禁大怒,但是,又奈他不得。
獵取功名而出諸此種方法,真乃用心良苦。雖然是環境所逼,但是,其出發點和目的就不敢恭維。
用法:一天,甲指著某名校教育長的後門說, “此處有佳趣。 ”乙冷笑道,“終南捷徑”而已。乙鼓勵他兒子努力學習,以自己的實力進入此名校,絕不走後門。
故事英譯:In Tang Dynasty, there was a scholar named Lu Zang Yong, who after passing the imperial examination, eagerly wanted to be appointed as an official ; so he thought out a method to back one step today for two steps forward tomorrow for achieving his aim; then he went to live in seclusion in Mt. Zhong Nan, near the capital Chang An. In the meantime, people had a queer conception that those who live in seclusion must be considered as noble scholars without greed of fame and wealth. Therefore, Lu Zang Yong especially went to reside in seclusion in Mt. Zhong Nan. Truly he was focused by the princes and dukes in the court in Chang An, and soon he was invited and appointed by the authority as a high-ranking official.
Afterward, there was another recluse named Si-Ma Cheng Zhen, who also retired from public life and lived in seclusion in Mt. Zhong Nan. The incumbent high ranking officials also invited him to be an official in the court, but Si-Ma Cheng Zheng was a really hermit who was indifferent to fame and wealth; he refused to be appointed as an official in Capital Chang An and stayed at Chang An for only several days, he would return mountainous home. When he was leaving the capital city, Lu Zang Yong saw him out of city and pointed at Mt. Zhong Nan, said, “There is somehow an attractive land.” Si-Ma Cheng Zhen said with a cold smile, “according to my view, it is just a shortcut to officialdom.” Lu Zang Yong knew that Si-Ma was satirizing him, so he cannot help but furious, anyway he could do nothing to Si-Ma Cheng Zhen.
In order to gain a post in officialdom, one, who takes such an eccentric strategy for putting all his effort, time, and energy on it, is really hard; it is although forced to be so by the contemporary circumstance, but one’s original intention and purpose should not be admired.



回上一頁