成語：糟糠之妻不下堂 (ZAO KANG ZHI QI BU XIA TANG): A wife who has shared her husband’s hard lot, must never be cast aside; the wife one married in poverty should not be discarded in one’s affluence; a wife who shared poverty may not be divorced in times of comfort; a man’s first wife who has shared a lot of poverty or hard times with her husband should not be divorced by the husband when he has once become a VIP or a man of affluence.
故事英譯：During the time of Emperor Guang Wu of East Han, there was a courtier, named Song Hong, was upright and never play favoritism. In the meantime, Emperor Guang Wu wanted to have an erudite person who served beside him. Courtier Song Hong recommended Mr. Huan Tan to Emperor Guang Wu and said to the emperor, “Huan Tan’s knowledge could be compared with Mr. Yang Xiong of West Han who was an outstanding rhymed literature writer and Mr. Liu Shang who was a scholar of classist.” The emperor gave Huan Tan a low-class title of courtiers, and let him always serve beside the emperor: at each feast, let Huan Tan play zither. However, Huan Tan often played the obscene music of Kingdom Zheng for entertaining the emperor. This affair was transmitted to Song Hong’s ears, let Huan Tan go to see him immediately, and blamed Huan Tan that he shouldn’t play the salacious music to amuse the emperor. Afterward, he went to see Emperor Guang Wu and apologized to the emperor for Huan Tan’s performance, and said, “My original idea to recommend him to Your Majesty was that I hope he would be loyal and honest to assist the court. Now, all the members of the court would like to enjoy the Zheng’s music that was really my guilt.” Since then Emperor Guang Wu more respected Song Hong’s morale and style. Emperor Guang Wu fired Huan Tan immediately and confessed that it was his fault. Since then Emperor Guang Wu more admired Song Hong.
In the meantime, Emperor Guang Wu had an elder sister Princess Hu Yang, who had just lost her husband and always respected Song Hong’s behavior, so the monarch summoned Song Hong alone, and said to him, “It is said that when one was promoted to a higher position, he would like to make another group of noblemen to be friends. One who had made a great fortune would give up his original wife and get a new one. Do you think that it is the human nature?” Song Hong said, “I heard that one should not forget the friends who were made in his poverty, and no matter how rich or how noble one has been, he should not abandoned his original wife.” Emperor Guang Wu and his sister heard Song Hong’s idea, they could not but given up their intention.